Egyptian Gods: Thoth
Thoth, the God of Wisdom was one of the most important deities of Egyptian gods. Thoth also known as Djehuty, Tahuti or Tehuti and he is the god of writing, knowledge, time, fantasy, speaking, inventions and moon. Moreover he involved in arbitration, magic and the judging of the dead.
Thoth was said to be the son of Ra and another said he was self created along with the goddess Ma’at. His appearance portrayed as a man with the head of ibis, holding a writing palette in his hand. He also sometimes depicted as an ibis, baboon, dog headed baboon, god of equilibrium and forms of Shu or Ankher and more. He is often seen wearing a lunar disk and crescent on his head or the Atef crown. All this forms symbolize the attributes of Thoth.
The ancient Egyptians recognized Thoth as the inventor of writing and were considered to have been the scribe of the Hall of Judgement. The “Book of the Dead” was written by him. He is the inventor of the hieroglyphs, which the Egyptians called medju-netjer, “Words of the Gods”. He was believed as the tongue or heart of Ra. Thoth also known as the protector of writers, mathematicians, scribes, teacher and whoever spreading and handling knowledge.
He filled many roles in the world of gods and like many other Egyptian gods Thoth also has many titles such as “Lord of Ma’at”, “Lord of Divine Words”, “Judge of the Two Combatant Gods”, “Twice Great”, “Thrice Great”, “Three Times Great, Great” and more. Thoth involved all major scenes involving the gods, most especially at Hall of Judgement. He is also the great counselor for other gods.
Thoth was worshipped widely throughout all of Egypt and his cult center was built at Khemenu in Hermopolis. His festival “Lord of Heavens” was celebrated on the New Year.