Egyptian Gods: Ra

Ra also pronounced as Re is an ancient Egyptian Sun God. Ra is king of the gods and the most important Egyptian god since Pre-Dynasty period. The name Ra linked to “creative”. The ancient Egyptians also called Ra “the cattle of Re” the “creator”, the thought to mean “creative power”.

Ra’s appearances portrayed as a hawk head man and a sun disk resting on his head. He created himself from waters of Chaos and he created all the Gods and the universe. He is the father of the first godly couple Shu and Tefnut (symbolized air and moisture), grandfather of Geb and Nut (symbolized the earth and sky), great grandfather of Osiris, Set, Isis, Nephthys and great-great grandfather of Horus. These gods are symbolized the combined attributes of divine to function the world. Ra is also the father of Hathor known as “Eye of Ra”.

Ra amalgamated himself in several other forms such as Khepri (depicted as a beetle) in the morning, in the noon as Horakhty (solar disc) and as Atum (ram headed man) during the sunset. The ancient Egyptians believed that Ra was swallowed by the goddess Nut every night, and reborn every morning again as Khepri. Therefore, the cycle continued with birth, life and death.

Ra was worshiped with consistency through all history and became very significant during the 5th Dynasty. Over the time Ra changed in one form or another, he represent the sun at all times of the day. The chief cult centre of Ra first was based in Inunu, also known as Heliopolis which means the “City of the Sun”.