Egyptian Gods: Maahes

Maahes was a solar war god of ancient Egypt in the form of a lion worshipped in Nubia and Egypt’s Western Desert. The name Maahes also spelled as Mihos, Miysis, Mios, Maihes or Mahes, whose name directly translated as “(one who can) see in front”. Therefore, another possible translation is “he who is true beside her” referring to Ma’at.

Maahes usually referred as “The Lord of the Massacre” instead by his name. Maahes was seldom referred by the name. Some of the other epithets were Wielder of the Knife, The Scarlet Lord and Lord of Slaughter.

He was also known as the “Avenger of Wrongs” and “Helper of the Wise Ones”, where he punished those who violated the rules of Ma’at. He was also considered to be the guardian of sacred places and a protector of the innocent.

Maahes appearance portrayed as a man with the head of a young lion, wearing the Atef crown or the double crown of Egypt and often holding a knife or a sword in hand. Occasionally, he was shown wearing the solar disk and uraeus on his head and with the bouquet of lotus flowers near to his image. Sometimes, he also depicted as a lion devouring a victim.

He was the son of Bastet, the cat goddess in Lower Egypt and of Sekhmet, the goddess of war in Upper Egypt. His father was thought to be either Ptah or Ra. Maahes was closely associated with Nefertum, also the son of Bast and Sekhmet.

Maahes cult center was built at Leontopolis in Lower Egypt. Later, Osorkon III built a temple for him in the 23rd dynasty in Bubastis, the sacred town of Bastet.