Egyptian Gods: Horus
Horus was the important and ancient deity of Egyptian gods. His name Horus means “The One Far Above” and commonly known as Heru or Har by the Greeks. Horus was originally the Sky God, but he is also known as War God, Hunter’s God, God of Kingship and others.
He played the role as the protector of the ruler of Egypt. His appearance portrayed as a hawk headed man, holding scepter and ankh and wearing a white and red colored crown. The white and red colors represent Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt.
Sometimes he is also shown as a hawk, a lion with the head of a hawk or a hawk resting on the neck of the pharaoh. During the pharaoh’s reign, they identified themselves with Horus and the Egyptians believed that Horus has manifested in human form.
Horus also known as Harmerty (Horus of two eyes), the left eye was the sun and the right eye the moon in view of the fact that he was the sky god. Based on myth, Horus was the son of Isis and Osiris. Horus fought with Set for the throne of Egypt after his father Osiris was murdered by his brother Set. He lost one of his eyes during the battle. But it was healed by Thoth, the God of Wisdom. Horus won the battle, cast Set out into the desert and then he became the ruler of the world of the living.
Horus was worshipped all over Egypt. Horus cult temples were built at Edfu and Hierakonpolis in Upper Egypt and at Behdet in the Delta. Horus depicted in many different forms. But only some of these forms were worshipped by Egyptians and the others were just built as a cult.